The objections raised by the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) over the use of electronic voting machines (EVMs) in the next general elections and a Senate panel’s rejection of amendments to the electoral reforms bill has put the PTI-led government in an awkward situation.
To counter the impact of the developments, the government has decided to call a joint session of parliament on the electoral reforms on Monday.
Addressing a press conference on Friday, Information Minister Fawad Chaudhry, flanked by Adviser to the PM on Parliamentary Affairs Dr Babar Awan and Railways Minister Azam Swati, pointed guns at the Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and accused him of being a “mouthpiece for the opposition”.
The minister alleged that the CEC had been in close contact with former premier Nawaz Sharif and could have sympathy with him.
Fawad called the Election Commission’s reasoning “illogical” and said “law making is not his job…it is the job of the parliament… the behaviour of such an important institution is unfortunate.”
The minister called the Election Commission “headquarter” of the opposition.
Fawad said the PTI wanted reforms in the electoral system because losers always claimed that the elections were rigged and no one was satisfied with the results.
The government has suggested the use of technology as the Supreme Court had also advised doing so.
The minister said the ECP or any other institution must follow parliament.
Lashing out at the opposition, he said they only thought about the cases against them and tried to politicise every issue.
“The PDM is doing a great job by exposing members of the opposition,” he added.
“They are involved in mudslinging… we don’t have to do anything… even members of the PML-N are talking against each other.”
Fawad advised the ECP to present its reservations on the use of technology in the elections to the government rather than taking them to the media.
“The CEC’s job is not politics. If he wants to do politics, he should contest an election and get elected if he can.”
He advised the CEC to “behave” like a head of a very critical institution of the country.
Dr Babar Awan said the government had decided to call a joint session of parliament on the electoral reforms on Monday.
After the joint sitting of parliament, a session of National Assembly will also be called to debate the issue.
“The opposition has not presented a single suggestion on the electoral reforms and has wasted two months,” he added.
Awan said he was only allowed to discuss five points of the 37 objections raised by the ECP to the proposed introduction of EVMs.
He said that the opposition was against giving the right to vote to overseas Pakistanis as it feared that it would increase the vote bank of Prime Minister Imran Khan.
ELECTION COMMISSION’S LETTER: The ECP, in its 34-page letter submitted to chairman of the Senate Standing Committee on Parliamentary Affairs, wrote that EVMs could open up the possibility of “more sophisticated fraud” through the manipulation of software and hardware.
“EVMs cannot counter fraud. [There would be a] lack of evidence in case of election disputes,” the letter read.
“Many more amendments are required as still many sections are relevant to only physical voting. This needs further deliberations.”
The commission underscored the need for considering the compatibility of EVMs with the existing constitutional and legal framework.
“The machine cannot prevent issues and electoral frauds like booth capturing, low women voters’ turnout, misuse of state authorities, electronic ballot stuffing, vote buying, law and order situation, dishonest polling staff, widespread political and electoral violence, and abuse of state resources by incumbent parties.”
The ECP further noted that the system would be very costly, as there were around 100,000 polling stations and 400,000 polling booths.
It added that 900,000 EVMs would be required, if separate ones were used for National Assembly and provincial assembly elections.
“Keeping in view the initial investment and ongoing costs, including storage cost and hiring and training of staff and other expenditures, this system will cost approximately Rs150 billion.”
The commission pointed out that it would be a difficult task to store 900,000 machines as the ECP did not have warehouses where they could be kept in ideal environmental conditions.
It added that during presentations, some companies had stated that EVMS would be used only once as the storage cost would be too much while others had said they could be used for two or three elections.
“If eight or four machines are used in a polling station, as the case may be, then each machine will give instantaneous results but these will first be consolidated at the polling station and then this consolidated result will be communicated to Returning Officer (RO) either physically or through WhatsApp if internet is available,” the letter read.
“Then it will be verified by the RO, who will consolidate all the results of all polling stations of the constituency … no chance of instantaneous results.”
The ECP noted that the process behind electronic voting was entirely opaque to the average voter and “far, far more vulnerable to large-scale attacks”.
The commission pointed out that “most established and new democracies” had decided not to use EVMs.